Martin Luther King Jr. is known for his leadership in the civil rights movement, advocating for equality through peaceful protests and inspiring speeches like "I Have a Dream."

Who is Martin Luther King, Jr.?

Martin Luther King Jr. (1929–1968) was a leader in the civil rights movement. He fought for equality and fairness for all people, especially African Americans, using peaceful methods like marches and speeches. His famous "I Have a Dream" speech inspired many. Sadly, he was killed in 1968. His legacy still inspires people today to work for equality and justice.

A Revolutionary Civil Rights Leader, Martin Luther King, Jr. Facts

You can learn specific facts about his early life, education, activism, family, and achievements, providing concise and informative details.

1. Martin Luther King Jr. was born in Atlanta, Georgia, USA, on January 15, 1929. His birth home at 501 Auburn Avenue is now part of the Martin Luther King Jr. National Historical Park.

2. Martin Luther King Jr. was born to Reverend Martin Luther King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. His father, a Baptist minister, was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement in Atlanta.

3. King was the middle child of three siblings, an older sister named Christine and a younger brother named Alfred Daniel Williams King. Both siblings were also actively involved in the civil rights movement.

4. Martin Luther King Jr. attended segregated public schools in Atlanta, excelling academically. He entered Morehouse College at 15, where he studied sociology and was inspired by Gandhi and Thoreau. King earned degrees from Crozer Theological Seminary and Boston University, focusing on theology. He was ordained as a Baptist minister at 19. His education deeply influenced his leadership in the civil rights movement. He earned his Ph.D. in Systematic Theology from Boston University when he was just 25 years old, making him one of the youngest recipients of this degree in the university's history.

6. Martin Luther King Jr. was married to Coretta Scott King. They had four children: Yolanda, Martin III, Dexter, and Bernice. Coretta continued her husband's work after his death, advocating for civil rights and founding the Martin Luther King Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Change.

7. In 1964, King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his nonviolent resistance to racial prejudice in America. At 35, he became the youngest person to receive this prestigious honor.

8. Martin Luther King Jr. was central to the American civil rights movement. He led the Montgomery Bus Boycott, co-founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and delivered the iconic "I Have a Dream" speech during the March on Washington. His activism led to significant civil rights legislation, including the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King's commitment to nonviolence and equality continues to inspire justice movements worldwide.

9. Martin Luther King Jr. played a pivotal role in the Civil Rights Movement. He advocated for nonviolent protest and led significant campaigns, including the Montgomery Bus Boycott and the March on Washington. His efforts contributed to the passage of key legislation, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965. King's legacy as a champion of equality and justice remains influential worldwide.

10. Martin Luther King Jr. was killed on April 4, 1968, in Memphis, Tennessee. He was shot while he was outside his hotel room. The person who shot him was caught and put in jail for it.