The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands at the southeastern edge of the Bay of Bengal, situated between India and Myanmar.

Here are some facts about the Andaman and Nicobar Islands:

1. Discovering Andaman and Nicobar.

The Andaman and Nicobar Islands consist of 572 islands, but only around 38 are inhabited. The islands are divided into two groups: the Andaman Islands in the north and the Nicobar Islands in the south. The capital city is Port Blair, located on South Andaman Island.

2. Meet Andaman and Nicobar's Unique Communities.

The islands are home to several indigenous communities, including the Great Andamanese, Onge, Jarawa, and Sentinalese. The Senegalese people are known for their isolation and avoiding contact with the outside world.

3. UNESCO-Recognized Eco Gem

The Great Nicobar Biosphere Reserve, including the Galathea National Park, is one of the most prominent ecological features of the islands. It is recognized by UNESCO.

National Parks in Andaman Islands

4. Endemic Wonders of Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The islands are rich in biodiversity, with various flora and fauna, including many endemic species. The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are known for the endemic Nicobar pigeon and the Andaman wood pigeon.

5. Echoes of India's Independence Struggle

The Cellular Jail in Port Blair is a historical site that was used by the British to imprison political prisoners during India's struggle for independence.

6. Stunning Beaches and Crystal Waters Await

The islands are known for their beautiful beaches, clear waters, and coral reefs. Popular tourist destinations include Radhanagar Beach, Neil Island, and Havelock Island.

7. Diversity in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

The culture of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a mix of various ethnic groups, including Bengali, Tamil, Nicobarese, and others.

8. The names ‘Andaman’ and ‘Nicobar’ are taken from the Malay Language

The Andaman name might come from Hanuman, known as Handuman to Malays. Nicobar could be a mix-up of the South Indian term 'Nakkavaram' (Land of the Naked) from an AD 1050 Tanjore inscription.

9. The Active Volcano of Barren Island in the Andaman Archipelago

Barren Island is the only active volcano in India and all of South Asia. It's about 135 km northeast of Port Blair. The island is small, just 3 km wide, with a 1.6 km wide crater that has a cinder cone. Eruptions have been happening since 1787 when the first one was recorded.
The only active volcano in India, the Barren Island, is present in Andaman Islands

10. India's Pioneer Commercial Seaplane Takes Flight in the Andaman Islands.

Seaplanes are cool planes that can land on both water and land. In 2013, the government-owned Pawan Hans introduced India's first seaplane operation in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and they named it Jal Hans. This eight-seater Cessna 208 A is equipped with modern navigation, travels up to 250 km per hour, and can land both on water and the ground.